Volume 14 (2022)
Volume 13 (2021)
Volume 12 (2020)
Volume 11 (2019)
Volume 10 (2018)
Volume 9 (2017)
Volume 8 (2016)
Volume 7 (2015)
Volume 6 (2014)
Volume 5 (2013)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2011)
Volume 2 (2010)
Volume 1 (2009)
English language learning
Effect of Using Smart Learning Pen (iPen) on Young Iranian Male and Female EFL Learners’ Speaking Accuracy and Fluency

Ali Yeganeh; Hossein Barati; Daryush Nejadansari

Volume 14, Issue 29 , May 2022, , Pages 228-244

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/elt.2022.49424.2469

Abstract
  The present study aimed to examine the effects of an educational technology called smart learning pen (i.e., iPen) as an ICT tool on young Iranian male and female EFL learners' speaking accuracy and fluency. A group of 180 young (6-9 years old) male and female learners with no previous formal education ...  Read More

English language learning
The Joint Effects of Teacher-led and Collaborative Planning conditions and Task Complexity on L2 Oral Production

Sanaz Mohazabieh; Rahman Sahragard; Ehsan Rassaei; Mustafa Zamanian

Volume 13, Issue 28 , December 2021, , Pages 217-242

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/elt.2021.46449.2401

Abstract
  This quantitative study aimed to investigate the combined effects of two types of strategic planning, namely collaborative and teacher-led planning conditions and task complexity on Iranian intermediate language learners' oral production in terms of complexity, accuracy, and fluency. To achieve this ...  Read More

English language learning
The Role of Task Complexity and Working Memory Capacity in L2 Accuracy and Fluency (Research Article)

Hassan Soodmand Afshar; Somayeh Tofighi

Volume 13, Issue 27 , June 2021, , Pages 389-416

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/elt.2021.44767.2353

Abstract
  This study explored the impact of task complexity on task performance of Iranian lower-intermediate and advanced language learners. It also investigated how working memory was related to task performance and mediated the influence of complexity conditions on language performance. Task complexity was ...  Read More

Exploring the Effect of Paper-and-pencil vs. Blog JW on L2 Writing in terms of Accuracy, Fluency, Lexical Complexity, and Syntactic Complexity

Shohreh Teimournezhad; Elaheh Sotoudehnama; S.Susan Marandi

Volume 12, Issue 25 , June 2020, , Pages 289-321

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/elt.2020.10685

Abstract
  In the field of second/foreign language learning, Journal Writing (JW) has been used as a tool for self-expression, acknowledged for its multiple benefits with regard to various aspects of language learning. With the advancements of technology, however, few studies have addressed the potentials of internet-based ...  Read More

Cognitively Complex Tasks and Individual Differences: Two Influential Factors in Iranian EFL Learners’ Written Text Quality

Farahman Farrokhi; Simin Sattarpour

Volume 11, Issue 23 , June 2019, , Pages 95-126

Abstract
  Robinson’s Cognition Hypothesis and Skehan’s Limited Attentional Capacity Model provide the major impetus for this study. The present article reports the findings of a between-subject factorial experimental research study which explored 1) the effects of increased cognitive task complexity, ...  Read More

Language Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in Different Types of Writing Paragraph: Do the Raters Notice Such Effect

sahar zahed alavi; Alireza Ahmadi

Volume 9, Issue 20 , November 2017, , Pages 1-24

Abstract
  The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of two types of paragraph on EFL learners’ written production. It addressed the issue of how three aspects of language production (i.e. complexity, accuracy, and fluency) vary among two types of paragraphs (i.e. paragraphs of chronology ...  Read More

An Investigation into the Effects of Joint Planning on Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency across Task Complexity

Morteza Nasiri; Mahmoud Reza Atai

Volume 9, Issue 20 , November 2017, , Pages 49-74

Abstract
  The current study aimed to examine the effects of strategic planning, online planning, strategic planning and online planning combined (joint planning), and no planning on the complexity, accuracy, and fluency of oral productions in two simple and complex narrative tasks. Eighty advanced EFL learners ...  Read More

The Influence of Affective Variables on the Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency in L2 Oral Production: The Contribution of Task Repetition

Mohammad Amiryousefi

Volume 8, Issue 17 , July 2016, , Pages 25-48

Abstract
  The main purpose of the study reported in this paper was to examine the interrelationships between L2 risk-taking, English learning motivation, L2 speaking anxiety, linguistic confidence, and low-proficiency English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ speaking complexity, accuracy, and fluency ...  Read More