Volume 16 (2024)
Volume 15 (2023)
Volume 14 (2022)
Volume 13 (2021)
Volume 12 (2020)
Volume 11 (2019)
Volume 10 (2018)
Volume 9 (2017)
Volume 8 (2016)
Volume 7 (2015)
Volume 6 (2014)
Volume 5 (2013)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2011)
Volume 2 (2010)
Volume 1 (2009)
English language learning
The Effect of Regulatory Focus and Reference of Comparison Feedback on EFL Learners’ Achievement Emotions and Achievement Goals

Marzieh Mehri; Zahra Amirian; Mohsen Rezazadeh

Volume 15, Issue 32 , December 2023, , Pages 161-177

https://doi.org/10.22034/elt.2021.48394.2452

Abstract
  This study aimed at examining the effects of the feedback types designed based on the regulatory focus theory (i.e., prevention vs. promotion) and reference of comparison (i.e., normative vs. self-referential) on achievement emotions and achievement goals. One hundred intermediate English language learners ...  Read More

English language learning
Realization of Initiation, Response, and Feedback in Teacher-Student Interactions in EFL Classrooms: Learning Realities and Opportunities

Masoomeh Estaji; Meisam Mirzaei Shojakhanlou

Volume 14, Issue 30 , November 2022, , Pages 91-114

https://doi.org/10.22034/elt.2022.53522.2510

Abstract
  This study explored the representation of the Initiation, Response, Feedback (IRF) cycle in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom. Video recordings have been used to collect data from 10 classes, which were managed by 8 L2 teachers. In total, 900 minutes of video recordings with 784 triadic patterns ...  Read More