Relationship between classroom environment, teacher behavior, cognitive and emotional engagement, and state motivation

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, University of Isfahan

2 MA Student of TEFL, University of Isfahan

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between classroom environment and teacher behavior, and EFL (English as a foreign language) learners’ engagement and state motivation. To do so, 110 intermediate Iranian EFL learners with an average age of 18.37 were asked to complete What is Happening Inside the Classroom scale (WIHIC), Questionnaire for Teacher Interaction (QTI), Student Engagement Instrument (SEI), and Student State Motivation scale (SMS). The results of statistical analysis showed that there was a moderate relationship between all aspects of classroom environment (student cohesiveness, teacher support, equity, involvement, cooperation, and task orientation) and learners’ engagement (emotional and cognitive engagement). Moreover, there was a relationship between some aspects of classroom environment (student cohesiveness, task orientation, cooperation, and involvement) and state motivation. However, there was no relationship between teacher behavior, learners’ engagement, and state motivation. Implications are discussed and avenues for future research are outlined.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی رابطه بین شرایط کلاس درس و رفتار معلم و تمایل شناختی و عاطفی فراگیران به مشارکت در فعالیت های کلاسی و انگیزه بیرونی آنها

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد امیریوسفی 1
  • زهرا امیریان 1
  • عطیه انصاری 2
1 استادیار گروه آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه اصفهان
Abstract [Persian]

هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی رابطه بین شرایط کلاس درس و رفتار معلم و تمایل شناختی و عاطفی فراگیران به مشارکت در فعالیت های کلاسی  و انگیزه بیرونی آنها بود. بدین منظور، 110 فراگیر ایرانی سطح متوسط زبان انگلیسی با میانگین سنی 18.37 پرسشنامه "آنچه در کلاس درس رخ می دهد" (WIHIC)، پرسشنامه "تعامل معلم" ( QTI)، پرسشنامه "مشارکت زبان آموز" (SEI)، و پرسشنامه "انگیزه بیرونی زبان آموز" (SMS) را پر نمودند. نتایج تحلیل آماری نشان داد که رابطه قابل قبولی بین همه جنبه های شرایط کلاس درس (انسجام و وحدت دانش آموزان، میزان حمایت معلم، میزان مساوات بین دانش آموزان، مشارکت دانش آموزان در فعالیت های کلاسی و تمایل به انجام تکالیف) و تمایل شناختی و عاطفی فراگیران به مشارکت در فعالیت های کلاسی وجود داشت. بعلاوه، بین برخی از جنبه های شرایط کلاس (انسجام و وحدت دانش آموزان، تمایل به انجام تکالیف، و تمایل به مشارکت در فعالیت های کلاسی) و انگیزه بیرونی زبان آموزان نیز رابطه وجود داشت در حالیکه هیچ رابطه ای بین رفتار معلم، تمایل به مشارکت زبان آموزان در در فعالیت های کلاسی و انگیزه بیرونی آنها یافت نشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • رفتار بین فردی معلم
  • شرایط کلاس درس
  • مشارکت
  • انگیزه بیرونی
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