An Online System’s Effect on Iranians’ EFL Academic Writing Performance across Different Proficiency Levels

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Sharif University of Technology

10.22034/elt.2020.10679

Abstract

This study aimed to discover whether an online writing system has any effect on Iranians’ EFL academic writing performance. The study also sought to find out whether the proficiency level of learners influenced the effect of the system on academic writing. To meet this end, an online writing system was developed and 68 undergraduate students of the General English language course studying at Sharif University of Technology were requested to participate in this study. First, their English language proficiency was measured by a language proficiency test that included 80 questions of one of the latest versions of the official TOEFL iBT test, which was provided by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). Then, over an eight-week period, the participants were assigned to write eight versions of academic writing that followed a genre-based teaching approach through computer-based instructions. The writing scores were statistically analyzed and the results revealed that providing students with computer-assisted instruction (CAI) led to significant improvements in their academic writing performance. Moreover, according to the findings of this study, the learners’ level of proficiency did influence the effect of the system.

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

میزان اثر بخشی آموزش برخط و از طریق نرم افزار بر مهرت نگارش دانشگاهی فراگیران در سطوه مختلف بسندگی زبانی

Abstract [فارسی]

هدف از پژوهش مذکور بررسی اثر بخشی آموزش برخط و سیستمی نوشتار دانشگاهی بر فراگیران زبان انگلیسی در دانشگاه است. همچنین میزان تاثیر این روش آموزش بر فراگیران در سطوح مختلف بسندگی زبان نیز مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. برای انجام این کار، یک برنامه برخط آموزشی به صورت اختصاصی طراحی و ایجاد شد و 68 دانشجوی رشته های مختلف مهندسی در دانشگاه صنعتی شریف که مشغول گذراندن درس زبان عمومی بودند مشارکت کردند. برای همگن سازی و گروهبندی فراگیران از آزمون تافل استفاده شد و سه گروه متوسط-پایین، متوسط-بالا و پیشرفته ایجاد شد و دانشجویان در یک دوره هشت هفته ای شرکت کردند و بر اساس آموزش های ارائه شده هر هفته یک تکلیف نوشتاری را در سیستم بارگزاری نمودند. سپس نوشته های فراگیران توسط دو داور مختلف ارزشابی شدند و نمرات حاصله و لاگ دانشجویان مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان می دهد که آموزش بر خط سیستمی تاثیر معنی داری بر روی فراگیران سطوح مختلف گذاشته است و بیشترین تاثیر را فراگیران سطح بسندگی پیشرفته پذیرفته اند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • آموزش مهارت نوشتن
  • کاربرد نرم افزار
  • آموزش بر خط
  • کاربرد تکنولوژی آموزشی
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