The Role of Private Speech Produced by Intermediate EFL Learners in Lexical Language Related Episodes

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor, University of Isfahan

2 PhD Candidate, University of Isfahan

Abstract

Private speech utilization is accepted to have a critical role in the continuum of language acquisition. As a valuable device in studying learners’ talk during interaction, a language related episode (LRE) is any part of a dialogue where a student speaks about a language problem s/he comes across while completing a task. The present study investigated the role of private speech produced by Intermediate Iranian EFL learners while they were involved in completing a dictogloss. For this purpose, 12 female EFL learners were chosen and they were required to speak about a lexical item cooperatively while they were completing a dictogloss task. These interactions were recorded and their lexical language related episodes were transcribed. In order to investigate the private speech used in the interactions, data was coded for different forms and contents of private speech and their functions were identified. The results indicate that private speech is mostly used for self-regulation and gaining control over the task. The study has implications for teachers and researchers by giving insights on how L2 is used in interactions.

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

بررسی نقش صحبت خصوصی فراگیران سطح متوسط ایرانی در بخش‌های واژه‌محور

Authors [فارسی]

  • سعید کتابی 1
  • احسان علیجانیان 2
  • احمد معین زاده 1
1 دانشیار، دانشگاه اصفهان
2 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشگاه اصفهان
Abstract [فارسی]

استفاده از صحبت خصوصی نقش کلیدی در زنجیره یادگیری زبان دارد. بعنوان یک شیوه ارزشمند در مطالعه صحبت دانشجویان در حین تعاملات، بخش‌های زبان‌محور بخش‌هایی از گفتگو می‌باشند که زبان‌آموز درباره مشکلی زبانی که در حال انجام تکلیف مواجه شده است به گفتگو می‌پردازد. مطالعه حاضر به بررسی نقش صحبت خصوصی که توسط فراگیران زبان انگلیسی سطح متوسطه در ایران در طی تکمیل دیکتوگلاس بیان می‌شود پرداخته است. برای این منظور 12 زبان‌آموز خانم انتخاب شدند و از آنها در طی کامل کردن دیکتوگلاس خواسته شد تا در مورد یک لغت با یکدیگر صحبت کنند. این تعاملات ضبط و سپس از بخش‌های واژه زبان‌محور آنها رونوشت تهیه شد. به منظور بررسی صحبت خصوصی استفاده شده در تعاملات، داده‌ها برای فرم‌ها و محتواهای مختلف صحبت خصوصی کدگذاری و عملکرد آنها مشخص شد. نتایج حاکی از آن است که صحبت خصوصی بیشتر برای خودتنظیمی و به دست آوردن تسلط بر تکلیف استفاده می‌شود. این مطالعه با روشن کردن چگونگی استفاده از زبان دوم در تعاملات، کاربردهایی برای اساتید و محققین دارد. 

Keywords [فارسی]

  • صحبت خصوصی
  • دیکتوگلاس
  • بخش‌های زبان محور
  • خودتنظیمی
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