The Creation of an Intercultural Learning Experience in EFL Contexts

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Professor at Allameh Tabatab'i University

2 PhD Candidate, Allameh Tabataba'i University

Abstract

The present Study aimed to examine the efficacy of using literary texts in promoting intercultural communication competence, and intercultural awareness and understanding within language teaching contexts. The participants were 50 Iranian undergraduate students of English Literature, 20 male and 30 female, with their ages ranging from 19 to 24 engaged in reading and discussing literary texts with an emphasis on their social and cultural themes and contents. 9 English and 2 Persian short stories were the main material implemented, and these were supplemented by 6 American and 2 Iranian movies with their screenplays adopted from literary works. The themes attended to included racial discrimination, social class, gender roles, and ethnic minorities.  Based on Byram’s (1997) proposed model of Intercultural Communication Competence (ICC), five factors of the students’ ICC development, Savoir Comprendre, Savoire Etre, Savoire S’engager, Savoirs and Savoire Apprendre/Faire, were observed throughout a 14-session course. A Content analysis of students’ writing assignments and an examination of how fruitful they found the tasks and materials in enhancing their cultural understanding demonstrated a noticeable involvement of all the studied ICC factors in reading, discussing and contemplating on the literary texts and their cultural content.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

ایجاد تجربه یادگیری بین‌فرهنگی در محیط‌های ‌ٍّEFL

Authors [Persian]

  • پرویز بیرجندی 1
  • سروناز خطیب 2
1 استاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
2 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
Abstract [Persian]

هدف این تحقیق آزمودن کارایی استفاده از متون ادبی در ارتقاء توانش ارتباط بینافرهنگی و آگاهی و فهم بینافرهنگی در محیط‌های آموزش زبان بود. شرکت کنندگان در این تحقیق 50 دانشجوی ایرانی ادبیات انگلیسی در مقطع کارشناسی بودند - 20 مرد و 30 زن- که سن آنها در بازه 19 تا 24 قرار می‌گرفت. این گروه به خواندن و بحث در مورد متون ادبی پرداختند و در مورد موضوعات و محتوای آنها به بحث نشستند. 9 داستان کوتاه انگلیسی و 2 داستان کوتاه فارسی به همراه 6 فیلم آمریکایی و 2 فیلم ایرانی مواد درسی این تحقیق را تشکیل دادند. موضوعاتی که در داستان‌ها و فیلم‌ها به آن پرداخته شده بود عبارت بود از تبعیض نژادی. طبقه اجتماعی. نقش جنسیت و اقلیت‌های قومی. بر اساس چارچوب پیشنهادی بایرام (1997) از دانش بینافرهنگی این مؤلفه در دانش‌آموزان طی 14 هفته بررسی شد. تحلیل محتوای متنی تکالیف نوشتاری آنها بیانگر سودمندی متون و تمرین‌ها در مشارکت در بحث‌ها و اندیشیدن به مسایل بینافرهنگی بود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • توانش ارتباطی
  • محیط‌های EFL
  • پاسخ فرهنگی
  • تفکر انتقادی
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