The Effect of Topic Bias on the Writing Proficiency of Extrovert/Introvert EFL Learners

Document Type : Research Paper


1 دانشیار دانشگاه الزهرا

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه الزهرا


This study was intended to find out any possible effect of topic bias on the writing proficiency of Iranian extrovert/introvert EFL learners at high/low writing proficiency levels. One hundred participants chosen from among 150 adult language learners on the basis of their personality type (extrovert/introvert) and writing proficiency (high/low) took part in this study. They were arranged into four groups according to their writing proficiency and personality type. They were asked to write on three different topics (one unbiased, one extroversion-biased, and one introversion-biased) and fill out Eysenck Personality Questionnaire for adults (EPQ, Eysenck & Eysenck, 1975). The writings were scored by two raters according to Bailey and Brown's (1984) composition grading scale. The data gathered was analyzed using two-way ANOVA. The final results of the analysis revealed the significant difference between the scores of different groups of participants on all topics – unbiased or biased toward either of the two personality types in favor of introverts but one.

Article Title [فارسی]

تأثیر عنوان جانبدارانه بر مهارت نوشتاری زبان‌آموزان برونگرا و درونگرا

Authors [فارسی]

  • Elaheh Sotoudeh nama 1
  • Fatemeh Moini 2
Abstract [فارسی]

 هدف تحقیق پیش رو، یافتن تأثیر احتمالی عنوان جانبدارانه بر سطح نگارش زبان­آموزان درونگرا و برونگرای ایرانی زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان خارجی در سطوح مبتدی/پیشرفته نگارش است. یکصد نفر از میان 150 زبان­آموز بر اساس نوع شخصیت (درونگرا/برونگرا) و سطح نگارش(مبتدی/پیشرفته) در قالب چهار گروه در این تحقیق شرکت داشتند که از آن­ها خواسته شد درباره سه موضوع (غیر جانبدارانه، جانبدارانه به سمت درونگرایی و جانبدارانه به سمت برونگرایی) مقاله بنویسند و همچنین به سوالات پرسشنامه ی شخصیتی آیزنک- ویژۀبزرگسال (آیزنک و آیزنک، 1975) پاسخ دهند. مقالات آن­ها توسط دو نفر و بر اساس معیار نمره­دهی بایلی و براون (1984) تصحیح گردید. داده­های گردآمده با استفاده از واریانس دو طرفه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج حاکی از وجود تفاوت معنادار، با الگوهای متنوع، میان عملکرد گروه­های شرکت­کننده بود که غیر از یک مورد، موید توانایی برتر افراد درونگرا در موضوعات غیرجانبدارانه، جانبدارانه به سمت درونگرایی و جانبدارانه به سمت برونگرایی بود.

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