A Dynamical System Approach to Research in Second Language Acquisition

Document Type : Research Paper


1 استادیار دانشگاه پیام نور قم

2 دانشیار دانشگاه تهران


Epistemologically speaking, second language acquisition research (SLAR) might be reconsidered from a complex dynamical system view with interconnected aspects in the ecosystem of language acquisition. The present paper attempts to introduce the tenets of complex system theory and its application in SLAR. It has been suggested that the present dominant traditions in language acquisition research are too simplistic to delve into the nature of language acquisition. The belief is that the Newtonian conceptualization of SLA research cannot be comprehensive to deal with the complexities of language acquisition research. So the suggested definition for SLA research in the present paper is a complex dynamical nonlinear open adaptive system of inquiry to find probable solutions to problems.


Article Title [فارسی]

کاربرد سیستم‌های دینامیکی در تحقیقات فراگیری زبان دوم

Authors [فارسی]

  • حسن سلیمانی 1
  • Seyyed Mohammad Alavi 2
Abstract [فارسی]

از دیدگاه معرفت شناسی، با توجه به ظهور نظریه سیستم‌های پیچیده و دینامیک و این حقیقت که فراگیری زبان در یک اکوسیستم دارای اجزای مرتبط و درهم تنیده صورت می‌گیرد، مفهوم و فرایند تحقیق در فراگیری زبان دوم نیازمند بازنگری اساسی است. تحقیق حاضر به بررسی ویژگی‌ها و مشخصات بنیادین نظریه سیستم‌های پیچیده و کاربرد آن در تحقیقات فراگیری زبان دوم می‌پردازد. با توجه به مشخصات نظریه مزبور، استدلال می‌کنیم که روش‌های متداول و مسلط تحقیق در فراگیری زبان بسیار ساده‌انگارانه هستند و قادر به بررسی ماهیت واقعی فراگیری زبان نیستند. ما بر این عقیده‌ایم که دیدگاه نیوتنی نسبت به تحقیق در فراگیری زبان برای مطالعه بیچیدگی‌های تحقیق در فراگیری زبان کافی نیست. با در نظر گرفتن فرضیه سیستم‌های پیچیده، تحقیق به عنوان سیستمی پیچیده، دینامیک، غیرخطی، باز و تطبیقی جهت یافتن راه حل‌های احتمالی سوالات باز تعریف می‌شود.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • تحقیق در فراگیری زبان دوم
  • نظریه سیستم‌های پیچیده
  • دینامیکی
  • مبرم
  • تقلیل دهنده
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