Document Type : Research Paper


1 Alzahra university,Tehran , Iran

2 Alzahra university , Tehran, Iran

3 Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran


The researchers in this study aimed to demonstrate how impossible it could be for a language teacher to take fixed, systematic routes of action in recent Action Research designs. This was instantiated in an L2 (here, English) 'essay writing' course among some Persian speaker university students majoring in Hygiene Sciences including (Family and Environment). Evidences regarding individualistic progress of students in 1)selecting a topic for their writing assignments, and 2) initiating talk on their selected topics are discussed to verify how complex it was to undertake the "process" and "catalytic" trustworthiness check of the present study via fixed action plans.


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