Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Department of English language and linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran

10.22034/elt.2021.47512.2428

Abstract

The most effective means of directing attention to an article in the academic community is to publish it in credential journals, however, writing in English can be challenging for novice writers especially non-native speakers (NNS) of English. Thus, despite the ample research in some fields, there is a great need for studies comparing the rhetorical features together with move structure of sections of Research Articles (RA) written by native scholars with non-native (NN) scholars’ RAs to provide NN writers with academic writing patterns beside procedures needed for publishing in the field of Business Management. To this end, Hyland’s (2000) five-move model was employed for identifying rhetorical moves along with a “bottom-up” approach for realizing linguistic signals in the Abstract, Introduction and Conclusion sections of thirty articles from international and national journals. The study revealed correspondence of most international articles to Hyland’s move model, a tendency for writing informative Abstracts was apparent with the presence of all the moves in Introduction and Conclusion sections. Analysis of linguistic aspects of articles illustrated a striking difference in the use of language features between native and NN scholars. The findings of this study have some implications for people involved in genre analysis as well as teaching academic writing and material design.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Amnuai, W. (2018). The Rhetorical Structure and Verb Tense Employed in Research Article Abstracts in Two Different Disciplines. International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics, 4(2), 132. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijlll.2018.4.2.162
Basturkmen, H. (2012). A genre-based investigation of discussion sections of research articles in Dentistry and disciplinary variation. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 11(2), 134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2011.10.004
Bhatia, V. K. (1993). Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings (Applied Linguistics and Language Study) (1st ed.). London, United Kingdom: Routledge.
Borg, E. (2003). Discourse community. ELT Journal, 57(4), 398–400. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/57.4.398
Brett, P. (1994). A genre analysis of the results section of sociology articles. English for Specific Purposes, 13(1), 47. https://doi.org/10.1016/0889-4906(94)90024-8
Bruce, I. (2008). Cognitive genre structures in Methods sections of research articles: A corpus study. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 7(1), 38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2007.12.001
Chahal, D. (2014). RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTIONS IN CULTURAL STUDIES: A GENRE ANALYSIS EXPLORATION OF RHETORICAL STRUCTURE. Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic Purposes, 2, 1. Retrieved from http://espeap.junis.ni.ac.rs/index.php/espeap/article/view/54
Connor, U. (2002). New Directions in Contrastive Rhetoric. TESOL Quarterly, 36(4), 493. https://doi.org/10.2307/3588238
Connor, U., Nagelhout, E., & Rozycki, W. (2008). Contrastive Rhetoric: Reaching to Intercultural Rhetoric (169th ed.). Amesterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Derakhshan & Nadi, A. A. (2019). A Genre Analysis of Research Abstracts of Master of Arts Theses Written by TEFL Students from the University of Tehran and Islamic Azad University of Gorgan. Journal of English Language Pedagogy and Practice, 12(24), 42. https://doi.org/10.30495/JAL.2019.671913
Dobakhti, L. (2016). A Genre Analysis of Discussion Sections of Qualitative Research Articles in Applied Linguistics. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 6(7), 1385. https://doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0607.08
dos Santos, M. B. (1996). The textual organization of research paper abstracts in applied linguistics. Text - Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse, 16(4), 1. https://doi.org/10.1515/text.1.1996.16.4.481
Dzung Pho, P. (2008). Research article abstracts in applied linguistics and educational technology: a study of linguistic realizations of rhetorical structure and authorial stance. Discourse Studies, 10(2), 231. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445607087010
El-Dakhs, D. A. S. (2018). Comparative Genre Analysis of Research Article Abstracts in More and Less Prestigious Journals: Linguistics Journals in Focus. Research in Language, 16(1), 47–63. https://doi.org/10.2478/rela-2018-0002
Holmes, R. (1997). Genre analysis, and the social sciences: An investigation of the structure of research article discussion sections in three disciplines. English for Specific Purposes, 16(4), 321. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0889-4906(96)00038-5
Hyland, K. (1990). A Genre Description of the Argumentative Essay. RELC Journal, 21(1), 66. https://doi.org/10.1177/003368829002100105
Hyland, K. (2000a). Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (1st ed.). London, United Kingdom: Pearson Education ESL.
Hyland, K. (2009). Teaching and Researching Writing (Applied Linguistics in Action) (2nd ed.). London, United Kingdom: Routledge.
Hyland, K. (2012). Welcome to the Machine: Thoughts on Writing for Scholarly Publication. Journal of Second Language Teaching and Research, 01(01), 58–68. https://doi.org/10.5420/jsltr.01.01.3319
Jalilifar, A., Baninajar, M., & Saidian, S. (2015). The rhetorical organization of research article discussion sections: An investigation into genre evolution in applied linguistics. Global Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 5(1), 85. https://doi.org/10.18844/gjflt.v5i0.50
Jin, G., Li, C., & Sun, Y. (2020). Exploring the Macrostructure of Research Articles in Economics. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 63(3), 227. https://doi.org/10.1109/tpc.2020.3014535
Johns, A. M. (1997). Text, Role and Context: Developing Academic Literacies (Cambridge Applied Linguistics) (1st ed.). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Kanoksilapatham, B. (2005). Rhetorical structure of biochemistry research articles. English for Specific Purposes, 24(3), 269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2004.08.003
Kaplan, R. B. (1966). CULTURAL THOUGHT PATTERNS IN INTER-CULTURAL EDUCATION. Language Learning, 16(1–2), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1966.tb00804.x
Kawase, T. (2018). Rhetorical structure of the introductions of applied linguistics PhD theses. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 31, 19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2017.12.005
Khansari, D., Heng Chan, S., Yuit Chan, M., & Tan, H. (2016). Regularities and Irregularities in Rhetorical Move Structure of Linguistics Abstracts in Research Articles. 3L The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 22(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.17576/3l-2016-2201-04
Li, Q., & Pramoolsook, I. (2015). Research Article Abstracts in Two Subdisciplines of Business—Move Structure and Hedging between Management and Marketing. English Language Teaching, 8(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v8n1p52
Lim, J. M. H. (2006). Method sections of management research articles: A pedagogically motivated qualitative study. English for Specific Purposes, 25(3), 282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2005.07.001
Lorés, R. (2004). On RA abstracts: from rhetorical structure to thematic organisation. English for Specific Purposes, 23(3), 280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2003.06.001
Marefat & Mohammadzadeh, H. S. (2013). Genre analysis of literature research article abstracts: A cross-linguistic, cross-cultural study. Applied Research on English Language, 38. https://doi.org/10.22108/ARE.2013.15469
Paltridge, B. (2012). Discourse Analysis: An Introduction (Bloomsbury Discourse) (2nd ed.). London, United Kingdom: Continuum.
Peacock, M. (2002). Communicative moves in the discussion section of research articles. System, 30(4), 479. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0346-251x(02)00050-7
Posteguillo, S. (1999). The Schematic Structure of Computer Science Research Articles. English for Specific Purposes, 18(2), 139. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0889-4906(98)00001-5
Shi, H., & Wannaruk, A. (2014). Rhetorical Structure of Research Articles in Agricultural Science. English Language Teaching, 7(8), 41. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v7n8p1
Swales, J. (1981). Aspects of Article Introductions. Birmingham, England: University of Aston.
Swales, J. (1990). Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings (Cambridge Applied Linguistics) (1st ed.). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Swales, J. M. (2004). Research Genres: Explorations and Applications. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Tamela, E. (2020). Move Structure Analysis on Research Article Abstracts in National and International SCOPUS Indexed Journals. Proceedings of the International Conference on English Language Teaching (ICONELT 2019), 434, 12–13. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200427.004
Thuy Nguyen, L. T., & Pramoolsook, I. (2014). Rhetorical Structure of Introduction Chapters written by Novice Vietnamese TESOL postgraduates. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 20(01), 61. https://doi.org/10.17576/3l-2014-2001-05
Williams, I. A. (1999). Results Sections of Medical Research Articles: English for Specific Purposes, 18(4), 347. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0889-4906(98)00003-9
Zanina, E. (2017). Move Structure of Research Article Abstracts on Management: Contrastive Study (the Case of English and Russian). Journal of Language and Education, 3(2), 63. https://doi.org/10.17323/2411-7390-2017-3-2-63-72