The Impact of Socio-Economic Status (SES) on the Iranian EFL Learners’ Identity Processing Styles and Language Achievement (Research Article)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Shiraz University



The present study intended to address the impact of the socio-economic status (SES) on the Iranian EFL learners’ language achievement and identity processing styles. To attain this goal, 148 students studying General English were designated on the base of purposive sampling from Yasuj University of Medical Sciences (YUMS). At the first step, questions related to social, cultural, and financial background was asked of 20 participants (sample) by an interview. Then, a the researcher constructed a questionnaire from the information attained from the interview, regarding the factors related to the social, cultural, and financial factors (variables) and was distributed among the population (148 students) of the study. The participants’ English University Entrance Exam Score (Achievement test) scores were obtained from the Education Office of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Afterward, Berzonsky’s forty item revised version of the identity style inventory (ISI3) (Berzonsky, 1992) assessed the identity style of each participant. Examination of the results indicated that the structural relationship between the variables of identity processing style and language skills was 0.84 and its standard value was equal to 0.345. This value indicated a positive and average relationship between the two structures. That is, with the change of identity processing style, the language skills of the participants have changed.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

تأثیر جایگاه اقتصادی- اجتماعی بر سبکهای پردازش هویت و پیشرفت زبان انگلیسی زبان آموزان ایرانی

Authors [فارسی]

  • سید محمد علی منصوریان 1
  • سید آیت آله رزمجو 2
2 دانشگاه شیراز- بخش زبانهای خارجی و زبان شناسی
Abstract [فارسی]

سید محمد علی منصوریان- دکتر سید آیت اله رزمجو
مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر وضعیت اقتصادی اجتماعی بر پیشرفت زبان در زبان آموزان و سبک های پردازش هویت زبان آموزان ایرانی انجام شده است. برای رسیدن به این هدف ، 148 دانشجو در حال تحصیل در درس انگلیسی عمومی بر اساس نمونه گیری هدفمند از دانشگاه علوم پزشکی یاسوج انتخاب شدند. در اولین گام ، از طریق 20 مصاحبه ، سوالات مربوط به زمینه های اجتماعی ، فرهنگی و مالی از 20 شرکت کننده پرسیده شد. سپس ، یک محقق پرسشنامه ای را از اطلاعات به دست آمده از مصاحبه ، در مورد عوامل مربوط به عوامل اجتماعی ، فرهنگی و مالی (متغیرها) تهیه کرد و در میان جمعیت (148 دانشجو) مطالعه توزیع شد. نمرات انگلیسی آزمون سراسری ورودی دانشگاه از شرکت کنندگان در دفتر آموزش دانشگاه علوم پزشکی یاسوج به دست آمد. پس از آن ، بوسیله نسخه اصلاح شده سبک هویت Berzonsky ، سبک هویت هر یک از شرکت کنندگان را ارزیابی کرد. بررسی نتایج نشان داد که رابطه ساختاری بین متغیرهای سبک پردازش هویت و مهارتهای زبانی 84/0 و مقدار استاندارد آن برابر 345/0 است. این مقدار بیانگر رابطه مثبت و متوسط بین دو ساختار بود. یعنی با تغییر سبک پردازش هویت ، مهارت های زبانی شرکت کنندگان تغییر کرده است.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • سبکهای پردازش هویت
  • وضعیت اجتماعی اقتصادی
  • مهارتهای زبانی
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