Novice Non-Native English Language Teachers’ Imaginary and Actual Decision Making and Pedagogical Reasoning: Student and Personal Features (Research Article)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Full Professor, TEFL, Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Persian Literature and Foreign Languages, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Candidate, TEFL, Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Persian Literature and Foreign Languages, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran



Two of the central concepts in teaching skills are decision making and pedagogical reasoning. Taking benefit from the dearth of studies on teachers’ actual or real-world decisions, this study aimed to respond to this invitation by keeping track of novice Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers’ decisions in two different times using six research-oriented teaching scenarios reflecting the student and personal features. Furthermore, their pedagogical reasoning was also attended to once through their responses to imaginary teaching scenarios and once through their actual classroom decisions. The participants comprised of ten novice Iranian EFL (six female and four male) teachers with an age range of 19 to 25 and a male experienced teacher, aged 30, who acted as a researcher-as-participant and was only accountable for the novices’ real-world reasoning. The data were collected through utilizing a total of six teaching scenarios, classroom observation, and video stimulated recalls. The findings, obtained through conversation analysis and pertinent vignettes and excerpts, revealed that the participants underwent a change in their decisions in two of the three scenarios reflecting the student features, while an approximate conformity could be observed in all scenarios mirroring personal features. It was revealed that whenever the teachers’ reasoning changed, their decisions underwent some changes as well. In addition, the findings showed that the flow of conversation in the classroom could be strongly influenced by the teachers’ decisions. A number of implications and recommendations for further research are also pinpointed.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

تصمیم‌گیری و استدلال آموزشی معلمان زبان انگلیسی غیر بومی در موقعیت‌های تخیلی و واقعی با توجه به ویژگی‌های شخصی و زبان‌آموزی

Authors [فارسی]

  • محمد خطیب 1
  • عبدالباسط سعیدیان 2
1 استاد تمام، رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده ادبیات فارسی و زبان های خارجی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری، رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه ادبیات و زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده ادبیات فارسی و زبان های خارجی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

دو مفهوم اصلی در مهارت‌های تدریس، تصمیم‌گیری و استدلال آموزشی هستند. با بهره‌گیری از کمبود پژوهش در زمینه تصمیم‌گیری معلمان در موقعیت‌های واقعی، این پژوهش با هدف دستیابی به تصمیمات معلمان تازه‌کار زبان انگلیسی ایرانی در دو زمان مختلف با استفاده از شش سناریوی آموزشی مبتنی بر تحقیق انجام شد که منعکس‌کننده ویژگی‌های شخصی و زبان‌آموزی بودند. به علاوه، استدلال‌های آموزشی آنها نیز یک بار از طریق پاسخ آنها به سناریوهای تخیلی و یک بار از طریق تصمیمات واقعی آن‌ها در کلاس ثبت شد. شرکت کنندگان متشکل از ده معلم تازه کار زبان انگلیسی ایرانی (شش زن و چهار مرد) با دامنه سنی 19 تا 25 سال و یک معلم با تجربه مرد، 30 ساله بودند که معلم با تجربه مسئول استخراج استدلال آموزشی معلمان تازه کار در تصمیات کلاسی آنها بود. داده‌ها با استفاده از شش سناریو تدریس، مشاهده کلاس، و یادآوری‌های تحریک‌شده ویدئویی جمع آوری شد. یافته‌های بدست آمده از طریق تجزیه و تحلیل مکالمه و متن‌های خلاصه و قسمت‌های مرتبط کلاسی با آن نشان داد که شرکت کنندگان در دو حالت از سه سناریومربوط به ویژگی‌های زبان‌آموزی تغییراتی در تصمیمات خود داشتند در حالی‌که مطابقت تقریبی را می‌توان در تمام سناریوهای منعکس‌کننده ویژگی‌های شخصی مشاهده کرد. مشخص شد که هر زمان استدلال معلمان تغییر می‌کند ، تصمیمات آنها نیز تغییراتی می‌کند. به علاوه، یافته‌ها نشان داد که جریان مکالمه در کلاس می‌تواند به شدت تحت تأثیر تصمیمات معلمان باشد. تعدادی از موارد استفاده از این پژوهش و توصیه‌هایی برای تحقیقات بیشتر نیز ارائه شده است.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • تصمیم‌گیری
  • استدلال آموزشی
  • معلمان تازه‌کار
  • ویژگی‌های دانش آموز
  • ویژگی‌های شخصی
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