On the Development of a Tentative Model of a Flipped Classroom Instruction and Its Effect on Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners’ General IELTS Writing

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor / Shiraz University

2 Ph.D. Student of TEFL, / Shiraz University

3 Department of Foreign Languages, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran



Flipped learning is an instructional approach that underlines the efficient use of classroom time by shifting the conventional activities of learners and educators in and out of the class. In flipped learning, students' roles as passive listeners change to active participants in classroom activities. The present study was designed to build a model of flipped classroom instruction (FCI) for the general IELTS writing. Additionally, this research intended to examine if there is a meaningful difference between the students’ general IELTS writing scores in the flipped class and those in the conventional class. An FCI model was carefully developed based on the thematic analysis of the previous flipped classroom studies about writing. Then it was operationally explained for a general IELTS writing class. The participants of the study consisted of 100 male and female Iranian EFL learners. Fifty learners were randomly selected to experience FCI and the other fifty learners received conventional classroom instruction. The findings revealed that the learners in the flipped classes, on average, acquired higher scores than the learners in conventional classes. 


Article Title [فارسی]

نگارش یک مدل آزمایشی کلاس آموزش معکوس و تاثیر آن بر بخش نوشتار آیلتس عمومی یادگیرندگان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان خارجه در سطح متوسط

Authors [فارسی]

  • رحمان صحراگرد 1
  • مهدی ضیاء 2
  • سید آیت اله رزمجو 3
  • علیرضا احمدی 3
1 استاد تمام / دانشگاه شیراز
2 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش زبان انگلیسی / دانشگاه شیراز
3 دپارتمان زبان های خارجه، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

یادگیری معکوس یک سبک آموزشی است که بر استفاده مؤثر از زمان کلاس با تغییر وظایف متعارف یادگیرندگان و معلمان در داخل و خارج از کلاس، تأکید دارد. در یادگیری معکوس، نقش دانش آموزان از شنوندگان منفعل به شرکت کنندگان فعال در فعالیت های کلاس تغییر می یابد. مطالعه حاضر به منظور تدوین یک مدل آموزشی کلاس معکوس برای بخش نوشتار آیلتس عمومی طراحی شد. همچنین این تحقیق با هدف بررسی وجود یا عدم وجود تفاوت معنی دار بین نمرات دانش آموزان در کلاس معکوس نوشتار آیلتس عمومی و نمرات دانش آموزان در کلاس مرسوم نوشتار آیلتس عمومی انجام شد. مدل آموزشی کلاس معکوس با دقت بر اساس تجزیه و تحلیل موضوعی مطالعات قبلی کلاس معکوس مربوط به مهارت نوشتاری نگارش شد. سپس فرایند عملی مدل برای کلاس نوشتار آیلتس عمومی توضیح داده شد. شرکت کنندگان این تحقیق شامل 100 آقا و خانم یادگیرنده ایرانی زبان انگلیسی بود. به طور تصادفی، 50 نفر جهت شرکت در کلاس های معکوس انتخاب شدند و 50 نفر دیگر وارد کلاس های مرسوم شدند. نتایج نشان داد یادگیرندگان کلاس های معکوس، به طور میانگین، نمرات بهتری نسبت به یادگیرندگان کلاس های مرسوم کسب کردند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • روش آموزشی کلاس متعارف
  • روش آموزشی کلاس معکوس
  • بخش نوشتار آیلتس عمومی
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