A Mixed-Method Approach on the Role of Self-Constructs in Self-Regulation

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of English, Faculty of letters and humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of English, Faculty of letters and humanities, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

10.22034/elt.2020.11473

Abstract

The current mixed-method research aimed to investigate the effects of self-constructs on self-regulation. To this end, a number of 127 Iranian EFL learners were chosen randomly as the sample of the study. To collect data, semi-structured interviews were designed. Also, correlation analysis and regression analysis were run on the data. The results of interview data suggested that motivated learners who reported self-regulation tended to display positive visualization of their ideal L2 self and self-efficacy beliefs. Besides, the result of correlation analysis indicated that ideal L2 self had stronger association with self-efficacy beliefs than with self-regulation, suggesting that it is necessary to hold positive beliefs towards language learning in order to visualize oneself as a proficient and successful language user. Of the two self-constructs, self-regulation turned out to be most strongly associated with self-efficacy followed by ideal L2 self indicating that what characterizes self-regulated learners is that their levels of self-efficacy is higher compared to those who are not. Finally, the result of regression analysis revealed that self-efficacy and, to the lesser extent, ideal L2 self were found as direct predictors of self-regulation. It seems unlikely to be a motivated learner without the actual beliefs in ones’ ability and a strong actualization of one’s image as a successful language user. 
 

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

روشی ترکیبی بر نقش خودساختارها در خودتنطیمی

Authors [فارسی]

  • ناصر رشیدی 1
  • میثاق حاجی‌محمدی 2
1 دپارتمان زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.
2 دپارتمان زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.
Abstract [فارسی]

مطالعه حاضر با روش ترکیبی، تلاشی برای بررسی تاثیر خود ساختارها بر خود تنظیمی می باشد. بدین منظور،127 فراگیر زبان دوم به شکل تصادفی به عنوان نمونه ی تحقیق انتخاب شدند. برای جمع آوری داده، مصاحبه های نیمه ساختاری طراحی شدند. همچنین، همبستگی و تحلیل رگرسیون بر داده ها اعمال شد. نتایج داده های مصاحبه حاکی از آن بود که زبان آموزان با انگیزه که خودتنظیم گزارش شدند تمایل به تجسم مثبت از خود ایده آل زبان دوم و اعتماد به نفس داشتند. علاوه بر این، نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که خود ایده آل زبان دوم بیشتر با اعتماد به نفس مرتبط بود تا خودتنظیمی که حاکی از آن است که برای تجسم خود به عنوان یک کاربر زبان ماهر و موفق، باید باورهای مثبتی نسبت به یادگیری زبان داشته باشیم. از بین دو خود ساختاری، خودتنظیم به نظر می رسد که بیشتر با اعتماد به نفس و به دنبال آن خود ایده زبان دوم همبستگی دارد. این خود بیانگر این است که یکی از ویژگی های اصلی زبان آموزان خودتنظیم این است که آنها سطوح بالاتری از اعتماد به نفس را نسبت به افرادی که خودتنظیم نیستند حفظ می کنند. سرانجام، نتیجه ی تجزیه و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه بیانگر این بود که اعتماد به نفس و خود ایده آل زبان دوم، به میزان کمتر،به عنوان پیش بینی کننده مستقیم خودتنظیم مشاهده شدند. بعید به نظر می رسد که بدون داشتن باورواقعی به توانایی خود و دیدی قوی از یک کاربر زبان موفق بتوان یک زبان آموز باانگیزه بود.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • خود ساختارها
  • خود ایده آل زبان دوم
  • اعتماد به نفس
  • و خود تنظیمی
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