A Systematic Review of Compliments among Iranian Persian Speakers: Past, Present, and Future Directions

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of English Language and Literature, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran

2 Educational Psychology Department, College of Education and Human Resource Development, Texas A & M University, Texas, U.S.A

3 English Department, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran

10.22034/elt.2020.11468

Abstract

Compliments (Cs) and compliment responses have been a prevailing topic of study in pragmatics due to their pivotal role in effective intercultural and transcultural interactions. This paper provides a comprehensive survey of research on compliments in the Persian language conducted over almost about the past four decades. It summarizes key findings of compliments in the Persian language used by Iranian speakers of Persian, discusses the significance of these findings, and speculates the future directions of research on complimenting studies on Persian language. An extensive bibliographical search on studies on this particular area yielded a database of nine studies on Persian Cs for this systematic review. After a brief exploration of the background of compliment studies done by prominent scholars in other languages, we provide a working definition of compliments. We then examine studies to date of complimenting behavior in Persian, highlighting similarities and differences, and any emerging trends. We provide a synthesis of the research conducted in this area, the theoretical frameworks, and the methodologies used in different studies, including data collection and data analysis. Based on the review of previous studies, we speculate on some possible directions for future research in this area. 
 

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

مروری سیستماتیک بر کنش گفتاری تمجید در میان فارسی زبانان ایرانی: با تمرکز بر مطالعات گذشته، حال و پیشنهاداتی برای آینده

Authors [فارسی]

  • علی درخشان 1
  • زهره اسلامی 2
  • عزیزه چالاک 3
1 گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران
2 دانشگاه تگزاس
3 هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد اصفهان
Abstract [فارسی]

کنش گفتاری تعریف و تمجید و پاسخ به آن به دلیل نقش محوری که در ایجاد روابط موثر بینا‌فرهنگی ایفا می‌کنند، همواره از موضوعات برجستة حوزه کاربردشناسی بوده‌اند. در این مقاله به بررسی تحقیقاتی که در چهار دهة گذشته در باب تعریف و تمجیدهای موجود در زبان فارسی انجام شده‌اند می‌پردازیم. این پژوهش به اختصار یافته‌های مهم حاصل از بررسی تعریف و تمجیدهای به کار‌رفته توسط فارسی‌زبانان ایرانی را بیان کرده و ضمن تشریح اهمیت این یافته‌ها، پیشنهاداتی چند برای مطالعات آیندة حوزه تعریف و تمجید ارائه می نماید. از طریق جست و جوئی گسترده در میان مطالعات انجام‌ شده در این حوزه، به 9 مطالعه که به بررسیِ تعریف و تمجیدهای زبان فارسی پرداخته بوده‌اند دست یافتیم. پس از بررسی پیشینه پژوهش‌های انجام شده در زمینه تعریف و تمجید توسط محققین برجسته سایر زبان‌ها، به ارائة تعریف کاربردی از واژة تعریف و تمجید می‌پردازیم. سپس از طریق واکاویِ مطالعاتی که تاکنون به بررسی عمل تعریف و تمجید در زبان فارسی پرداخته‌اند، به برجسته‌سازی شباهت‌ها ، تفاوت‌ها و تمامی گرایشات نوظهور این حوزه می‌پردازیم. ما همچنین در این پژوهش، مجموعه‌ای از مطالعات انجام شده در زمینة تعریف و تمجید، چارچوب‌های نظری و روش‌های به کار‌رفته در این مطالعات از جمله روش جمع‌آوری و تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها را ارائه می‌نمائیم. بر اساس بررسی مطالعات قبلی، پیشنهادات متعددی برای تحقیقات آتی در این زمینه ارائه می‌نمائیم.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • تعریف و تمجید
  • عملِ تعریف و تمجید
  • فارسی‌زبانان ایرانی
  • مقالة مروری سیتماتیک
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