Learning L2 Idioms through Visual Mnemonics

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.


Due to the importance of idioms, many researchers and teachers have long sought to find ways of making idiom teaching and learning more effective. This study compared three visual mnemonic devices (pictures, mental imagery, and movie clips) in terms of their effect on EFL learners’ recognition and recall of English idioms. Ninety intermediate level EFL learners who were preparing themselves for IELTS participated in this study. They were in three groups of thirty members each. Each group was taught idioms using one of the afore-mentioned visual mnemonic devices. Receptive and productive tests of idioms were administered to all groups after the treatment. The one-way ANOVA procedure was used to analyze the collected data. The results revealed statistically significant differences among these devices, with pictures method being the most effective on both recognition and recall of idioms. The findings of the study can have significant theoretical as well as pedagogical implications for language researchers, textbook designers, curriculum developers, teachers, and language learners. 


Article Title [فارسی]

فراگیری اصطلاحات زبان دوم از طریق یادیارهای تصویری

Authors [فارسی]

  • مریم احمدی 1
  • عباسعلی زارع 2
  • رجب اسفندیاری 3
1 گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی، قزوین
2 دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی
Abstract [فارسی]

بدلیل اهمیت اصطلاحات در بکارگیری درست زبان دوم، یافتن راههای موثر برای آسان سازی آموزش و قراگیری اصطلاحات از دیرباز مورد علاقه پژوهشگران و مدرسان زبان بوده است.این پژوهش به بررسی تاثیر سه نوع یادیار تصویری ( عکس، تصویر ذهنی و فیلم کوتاه) بر درک و تولید اصطلاحات انگلیسی پرداخته است. تعداد 90 فراگیر انگلیسی (در سه گروه سی نفره) در سطح متوسط توانش زبانی که در کلاسهای آمادگی آیلتس شرکت کرده بودند به این منظور انتخاب شدند. پس از همگن سازی و اطمینان از تکراری نبودن اصطلاحات، هر گروه از فراگیران با بکارگیری یکی از ابزارهای یادآور تصویری مورد آموزش اصطلاحات را دریافت نمودند. پس از دوره ی آموزش، از تمامی گروهها آزمون های درک و تولید اصطلاحات بعمل آمد. داده های به دست آمده با فرایند تحلیل یک طرفه واریانس مورد پردازش قرار گرفت. یافته های نشان داد بین سه گروه تفاوت معنی داری هم در درک و هم در تولید اصطلاحات وجود داشت. گروهی که از عکس استفاده کرده بود در هد دو آزمون عملکردی بهتر از دو گروه دیگر داشت. این نتایح می تواند برای زبان آموزان و مدرسان زبان و همچنین تیه کنندگان مطالب درسی کاربریهای عملی و آموزشی داشته باشد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • اصطلاحات
  • تصویر ذهنی
  • فیلم کوتاه
  • یادیار های تصویری
  • عکس
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